Makkah Clock Royal Tower, A Fairmont Hotel Tower stands out modestly and respectfully as Makkah's second mark of distinction with an outstanding clock that can be seen from 17 kilometers away. It’s located in the heart of Makkah, adjacent to The Holy Mosque. Makkah is the holiest city in Islam and it has a very special place in every Muslim's heart. It’s where the Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) was born and right from the caves of its mountains received the divine orders from Allah (The Sacred and The Mighty) through the archangel Gabriel (Peace Be Upon Him) to start calling people for Islam.
It lies approximately inland 73 kilometers east of Jeddah. Therefore, it's officially served by Saudi Arabia's main seaport on the Red Sea and Jeddah's International Airport as well. The Holy City, which witnessed a major turn in the history of religion, has a population of over 1.7 million of a diversified Muslim culture since it's closed to Non-Muslims. During the last 1400 years, it has turned from a very important crossroad point for the caravans into a vibrant and lively city.
Makkah is also known as Umm Al-Qura (The Origin of the Cities), Al-Balad Al-Ameen (The Secure City) and Al-Balad Al-Haram (The Sacred City).
Five times each day, more than one and a half billion Muslims, wherever they may be, turn to the Holy City of Makkah, Precisely al Kaaba to pray - since it's the Quibla in Islam. At least once in their lives, all Muslims who are not prevented by personal circumstances perform the Hajj and Omra.
In the very heart of the grand mosque, we find the Kaaba. It's the most sacred site in Islam and the direction Muslims face during prayers. The Kaaba is covered by Kiswa; a huge piece of cloth.
The legendary Zamzam well, a miracle arising from beneath the sands, lies about 20 meters east of the Kaaba. The well that miraculously still generates water from thousands of years. It was discovered when Abraham's wife Hajar was desperately seeking water for her infant son Ismail. She ran seven times back and forth between the two hills of Safa and Marwah. Now, the pilgrims replicate this act ever since that time as part of Hajj (Major Pilgrimage) and Umrah (Minor Pilgrimage).
Other attractions in Makkah include:
A mountain which lies east of Makkah, from its rocks, Abraham (Peace Be Upon Him) built the Kaaba, and from its cave, Hera, Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) received the first revelations from Allah (The Sacred and The Mighty). It’s also a major site for pilgrims.
A major site for the pilgrims and one of the main rituals of the major pilgrimage. Muslims throw stones in the area of Jamarat on the plain of Mina symbolizing the trials experienced by Prophet Abraham (Peace Be Upon Him) while he decided whether to sacrifice his son as demanded by Allah (The Sacred and The Mighty).
This is the mountain where the cave in which Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) and his honorable companion Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq (Peace Be Upon Him) hid from the people of Makkah who were idol worshippers back then when they were persecuting the Prophet before he finally migrated to Madinah (used to be named Yathrib back then).
One of the oldest buildings in Makkah and an ideal representative for the traditional architectural design with its unique Islamic motifs. It’s located in Al-Maabda quarter on Al-Abtah Street.
Khozam is the area around what has been adopted for the palace of King Abdul Aziz. It's located in the An-Nuzlah Al-Yamaniyyah quarters of Makkah. Qasr Khozam is King Abdul Aziz palace, which was built over 80 years ago by using stones brought from the west coast of the kingdom. Part of the palace has been converted into a museum of archaeology and ethnology.